such as not drinking enough water or getting too little exercise. In this case Fido's inability to poop is likely to be the only sign of a problem.
medication side-effects, eating something that was inedible, or
physical problems (such as long, matted hair around the anus) can cause
constipation in puppies. These types of constipation may, or may not, be serious.
All puppies can get 'backed up' now and then, but if you have a very small, tiny or toy breed pup his chances of getting constipated are higher than those of a large or giant breed puppy.
Some of the most common causes of constipation in puppies include:
Hairballs If you thought it was just cats that got hairballs, think again. Dogs who groom/lick themselves a lot, especially if they're long haired, can swallow a lot of fur. This can then get balled up inside your pup and cause a blockage or slow down the intestinal tract. Resulting in a constipated puppy.
Eating Odd Stuff Puppies will be puppies, and they tend to want to eat everything that's not nailed down, and some things that are! However, ingesting inappropriate items can result in constipation due to an internal slowdown, or traffic jam. At worst it can cause a complete blockage (which requires urgent veterinary attention). Crunchy bone treats, rawhide toys or even natural bones can also cause this problem. Not surprisingly, so can plastic grocery sacks, the contents of the bathroom trash can or your best undies! If your pup eats something he shouldn't , watch carefully for it to 'come out the other end' within 24 - 36hours. If it doesn't OR if your pup shows signs of constipation, pain or distress, get him to your vet for an evaluation immediately.
Medications Some medications taken to treat other conditions can also cause constipation as a side effect. Antihistamines are a common cause of this. So are diarrhea medications such as Immodium or Pepto Bismol (not surprisingly). It's never a good idea give your pup any kind of medication without clearing it with your vet first. Adverse, or unexpected, reactions can occur and it's always better to be safe than sorry.
Parasites Parasites such as worms are more likely to cause diarrhea in puppies than constipation, but it can happen. Most puppies have worms at some point and to some degree, and these are going to cause problems if not treated properly, or proactively.
Medical Conditions Although puppy constipation is rarely caused by any serious medical issues, it can
happen, and in older dogs it's even more possible. Structural or skeletal abnormalities, hernias, or infection can sometimes cause puppies or dogs of all ages to have difficulty pooping properly. Kidney disease, prostate problems, tumors may cause constipation in adult dogs. Swallowing a foreign object that can't pass through the intestines, could cause a blockage which is life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated quickly.
A serious, often life-threatening condition called Bloat can also cause your puppy or dog to squat and strain, or retch and dry-heave. He may have a distended or hard belly, and pant, pace, whine or collapse. This is a veterinary emergency.
'Mechanical Constipation' or 'Psuedoconstipation'
This is caused by long hair around the dogs' anus/bottom getting
tangled or matted. If it gets bad enough, the hair can prevent bowel
movements, and you have a constipated puppy on your hands.
Surgery Surgery, and the accompanying anesthesia and lack of activity during the recovery period, can cause your pups' digestive system to slow down - this may result in constipation. It's something worth remembering in the days after your pup has been spayed or neutered.
How To Treat A Constipated Puppy
If, in spite of your best efforts, your pup becomes constipated there are some straightforward remedies that should get his bowels moving fairly quickly.
Adding certain things to their diet can often help a constipated puppy feel better.
Here are a few to try:
A simple dog constipation remedy is to add a little canned pumpkin (NOT
the pie filling variety, just good old plain pumpkin) in your pups'
meals can be helpful. Add 1 teaspoon to 1 tablespoon depending on his
size. Pureed pumpkin baby food also works.
Add some extra fiber in the form of Bran, Metamucil, Benefiber or
similar products. About 1/2 teaspoon added to your pups meals for a few
days. If your dog weighs over 50lbs you can use 1 tablespoon instead. 1
teaspoon of oat bran, or 2 teaspoons of Grape Nut flakes added to her
food will work the same way.
Adding some extra oil to your pups diet can help to soften the stools
and help his bowels keep moving along nicely. 1/2 tsp of olive oil added
to his meals works. For more difficult cases, try 1 - 2 teaspoons of
Mineral Oil, but don't do this for longer than 3 or 4 days. Mineral oil
removes Vitamin A from your dog's body and it can be harmful if used for
longer than this.
'Special' Dog Foods Some manufacturers
sell dog food that is specifically formulated with extra fiber to help a
constipated dog or puppy move their bowels regularly. Most foods
contain between 2% and 4% fiber, Solid Gold dry dog food has 5%, and
Hills offer two foods - I/D and W/D. These are available from most
Dogs don't digest cows' milk properly, and in normal circumstances it
causes diarrhea. However, if you have a constipated puppy you can add
1/4 to 1/2 cup of milk to their food or water, or just give it to them
to drink. Do this once a day for a couple of days and it should help
loosen the bowels.
Keeping Long Hair Trimmed
If you have a constipated puppy due to long, tangled or matted hair
around his little bottom, carefully trim it away with small scissors. Be
very careful not to cut the skin. Keeping this hair short in the future
should prevent a recurrence. If your pup has been constipated for a
while, just trimming the hair may not be enough to get his bowels
moving. You may need to also use another dog constipation remedy as
OTC Dog Constipation Remedies
There are a few OTC treatments available for a constipated dog or pup.
To prevent, and eliminate, hairballs that are causing your dog's
constipation, try Laxatone .
It has been specifically formulated to prevent and eliminate those
pesky hairballs, and has a laxative effect to help end your dogs'
Petwellbeing Smooth BM Gold is a totally natural product that can help to relieve canine constipation and also maintain healthy bowel function, without causing your puppy any discomfort.
CLICK HERE for an article on Puppy Constipation written exclusively for this website by Dr. Megan Teiber DVM
Constipation Prevention for Puppies & Dogs
Here are some simple things you can do to help prevent your puppy from getting constipated in the first place....
Just like in people, a diet that contains enough fiber will help the
digestive system to function properly. If your pup or dog is prone to
constipation, choose a dog food with a minimum of 4% fiber, 5% is even
better. Solid Gold Dry Dog Food has 5% fiber, and you can also buy
special 'prescription' or high-fiber foods such as Hills I/D or W/D
which have significantly higher fiber content (between 8 and 16%). Hills
Foods are available from your veterinarian. Giving your puppy snacks of
raw carrots, celery, apples or pears can also be beneficial.
Your puppy needs access to fresh water at all times during the day. Aim
for a daily minimum of about one ounce of water per pound of body
weight, in hot weather, a centrally heated/dry environment or if your
dog is very active he'll need more. If your pup has some issues with
slow moving bowels and you can't seem to get him to drink more, you can
always add some warm water to his dry food at one mealtime each day to
get some more fluids into him.
Plenty of exercise is essential to keep your puppy health and happy. If
you have a constipated puppy (or one who tendency towards it),
increasing his exercise and activity level can help. The benefits are
two-fold; firstly, the physical aspects of the exercise help to keep his
digestive system and bowels 'moving along' preventing the sluggishness
that can lead to constipation.
Secondly, long walks or a vigorous game
of 'fetch' or frisbee keep him outside longer and help to give him
plenty of time to eliminate when he has the chance. If you're housebreaking or crate training,
and your pup doesn't do his business while your out, he may try to
'hold it' for too long, and this can cause the colon to slow down and
the feces to get hard and difficult to pass.
Trimming Long Hair
This may sound odd, but sometimes in long haired breeds, the hair
around the puppy's rear end becomes tangled or matted, and it actually
physically prevents the puppy from having a bowel movement. If you have a
constipated puppy who has long hair around his bottom, keeping it
trimmed short will prevent this sort of 'mechanical constipation'.
The bottom line (pun totally intended!)....
your puppy is constipated and you're worried that he may have an
intestinal blockage, bloat, or be in pain/distress then you need to have
him seen by a vet right away.
If he seems happy and healthy apart from the constipation, but you've tried the tips on this page but your pup still can't pass any bowel movements then you need to consult a vet for advice.