Finding a pain medication which can provide quick, safe relief is important when your dog is in pain or distress.
BUT, dogs aren't humans and it's important to ask your vet for advice before you give your dog anything that hasn't been prescribed for him, or that is a 'human' drug.
Luckily, there are several pain relievers that have been specifically designed for dogs.
When given according to the directions and recommendations these are usually both safe, and effective.
You can also give some over-the-counter products.
But it's very, very, important to get the dosage right on these - and to give the minimum effective dose for the shortest possible duration.
So, let's take a look at your options:
This is when many pet owners turn to the products that are already in their homes - this is generally okay if you do some research first and understand which 'human medicines' are safe to use on dogs, and which aren't.
But there are some medicines that shouldn't be given to dogs (or cats) and going ahead and dosing your dog without checking first could lead to tragedy.
Here's a quick look at which otc 'people pain medicines' you may be able to use, BUT there's a caveat here too...
Certain medications can be contra-indicated if your pet has specific health conditions (such as kidney or liver problems), or is taking other medicines. It's always better to be safe than sorry
Aspirin can be used reasonably safely as a pain medication for dogs. It also reduces swelling and inflammation and reduces a fever.
It can usually be used as a short-term treatment for minor aches and pains, but it's important to be very careful about the dosage.
Click here to learn all about using aspirin safely to treat your pet. Get info. on the different types and strengths of tablets, and how to find dog-specific formulas.
Flexpet uses the same ingredients that are found in Flexcin for humans, and it's more than just a pain reliever.
It also reduces inflammation and lubricates joints so that dogs (and cats) with conditions such as arthritis can move more freely, while helping to relieve the associated pain.
This medication is a simple chewable tablet and your dog can take it every day, for as long as he needs it. Money back guarantee.Click here to learn more about this product - including a closer look at ingredients, and dog-owner reviews.
Most experts advise that you don't give Tylenol (Acetaminophen) to a dog as it isn't considered to be one of the effective pain medications for dogs and can be toxic in high doses (sometimes lower doses can also cause serious problems).
Always check with your vet before giving Tylenol to your dog and if your vet gives you the 'go ahead' be extremely careful about the dosage.
Tylenol dosage for dogs - Regular Tylenol dosage is 5mg per pound of body weight, given 3 times a day (ie once every 8 hours).
Side effects of Tylenol in dogs - serious side effects that can occur after giving a dog Tylenol are usually seen as kidney or liver damage. This damage may not be obvious immediately and can't be reversed, so it's best to avoid the risk altogether in my opinion!
Ibuprofen is one of the other pain medications that should NOT be given to dogs, this means that simple Ibuprofen, Motrin or Advil should not be used.
Naproxen (Aleve) is another forbidden pain medication for dogs. Bottom line... don't use them, ever, in any dosage.
If you give your dog any of these medications by mistake, or if he somehow gets a tub from your purse or off the table and ingests some tablets, it's ESSENTIAL that you get him veterinary help right away.
Your vet may be able to prevent him from absorbing a toxic amount of the medication if you get him help quickly enough, so in this type of situation never take a 'wait and see' attitude - get professional help ASAP.
All of these are are NSAID's (non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs) and are used to help relieve the pain and discomfort of conditions such as arthritis. They also reduce a fever.
You can only get these type of medicines with a
prescription from your veterinarian. If your dog has had surgery, he
will likely be started on a pain-killer while still in the veterinary
hospital, and sent home with some more meds to make sure he stays
comfortable until he's started to heal.
If you've got a dog with a chronic condition which causes pain (such as arthritis, hip dysplasia and other degenerative bone/joint problems for example), then you will probably need some dog pain meds on a long-term basis.
Again these will usually need a prescription from your vet, but if you check prices online you will often find that you can use that prescription to buy them more cheaply than you would directly from your vet.
Companies who produce NSAID pain medications for dogs provide FDA approved 'Client Information Sheets' which should come with every bottle or packet. Make sure that you read it thoroughly because it has important information on dosage, interactions, side effects etc.
Here's a quick look at the most popular prescription pain meds for dogs:
AKA Carprofen, this was the first NSAID made available for use in dogs here in the USA, it may also be one of the most popular pain medicines used to treat the swelling, stiffness and joint pain associated with arthritis in dogs.
It's also available in a generic form known as Novox which is available as a caplet only. Rimadyl comes in caplets or chewable tablets of 25mg, 50mg or 75mg strength. There is also a liquid solution which can be injected.
In the years since it first hit the market, the popularity of Rimadyl has decreased, in large part because of the number, and nature, of the side-effects it can cause.
Some of the benefits of giving your dog Rimadyl is that it has a lower risk of causing the internal bleeding, irritation and damage, that can be associated with older NSAID's such as Aspirin.
BUT more serious side effects can take their place. These include liver damage and seizures.
Although it is still considered to be an appropriate treatment for chronic and/or severe arthritis, it's not recommended as a general pain reliever in other situations.
Side effects can include:
*These could mean that your dog is bleeding internally
** These could indicate that there's a liver problem
*** A very serious potential side effect. The first symptoms may precede full-blown seizures. This can be life-threatening.
The last four sets of side effects (with asterisks) are the most serious, and if you notice any of them it's important to stop giving your dog the medication and get him to a vet right away.
However, it's always best to discuss ANY type of side effect with your vet.
Normally 2mg per lb of body weight per day. You can give it in one dose, or as two 1mg doses 12 hours apart.
It's best to give this brand of pain medications for dogs with food, so mix it into your dog's dinner or disguise it in tasty treats (given right before or right after a meal).
Don't ever give Rimadyl (Carprofen) to puppies under 6 weeks of age.
Do not give Rimadyl (Carprofen) to Labrador Retrievers.
This is another of the popular prescription NSAID pain medications for dogs. It's also marketed under the product names 'Deracoxib' and 'Novartis'.
Often used to treat pain and inflammation caused by osteoarthritis, or to help make your pet more comfortable after surgery. Oral tablets only.
Same as those given for Rimadyl above.
Deramaxx is comes in 25mg, 50mg or 75mg flavored, chewable tablets.
The usual dosage for treating a dog (who weighs over 4lbs) and who is in pain after surgery is betwen 1.4 and 1.8 mg per lb of body weight, given once a day.
To treat the pain and inflammation of arthritis in dogs, dosage is normally 0.45 - 0.91 mg per lb of body weight, given once a day.
Deramaxx can be given with food, or without, but make sure your dog has plenty of fresh water to drink at all times.
This is one of the most recent NSAID pain medications designed for use in dogs.
It's fast-acting and effective in controlling pain and reducing inflammation.
As for Rimadyl above.
Available as a flavored, chewable tablet in 57mg and 227mg strengths.
Give 2.27mg per lb of dog’s weight once a day.
Codeine is not an NSAID. It's actually an narcotic drug.
It's very well absorbed and tolerated by most dogs, and is an effective painkiller that can be used for moderate to severe pain.
Codeine is a fairly strong drug and can be addictive. Only available by prescription from your veterinarian.
Sometimes combined with aspirin or hydrocodone.
Side Effects Can Include:
For pain relief, the recommended dosage is 0.25mg - 1.0mg per pound of bodyweight, given every 6 to 8 hours.
Tramadol is not an NSAID and has no anti-inflammatory properties.
It's a pain-killer from the opiate category (similar to morphine in terms of how it works), and it can be addictive.
Given in the correct dosage Tramadol can be very effective and may be a good choice for dogs who can't take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines.
Although it is sometimes considered to be safer than many NSAID's due to the lower risk of side effects, this is a powerful drug and dosage needs to be accurate.
Not suitable for dogs who have liver or kidney disease, respiratory problems or who suffer from seizures. Not for use in pregnant dogs.
Mild to Moderate Side Effects Can Include:
* This is a potentially serious reaction/side effect and you should let your veterinarian know right away if your dog experiences this problem
Symptoms Of An Overdose Are Serious & May Include:
These can lead to collapse and death. If you notice any of these side effects get your dog seek immediate veterinary help.
The dosage for Tramadol recommended for dogs can vary depending on the reason it has been prescribed.
Anything from 0.5mg - 1.8 mg per pound of body weight could be given every 8 to 12 hours.
But this dosage MUST be decided by your veterinarian and followed carefully by you. Slow-release tablets that are prescribed for human use are NOT suitable for dogs.
Whenever you're giving your dog ANY type of medication (prescription or OTC) it's very important to check, and then DOUBLE-check that you've got the dosage right!
OTC medications will usually require you to do some simple math, and a miscalculation or moving a zero or a decimal point, can make a big difference - and put your dog in danger.
Even prescription tablets may need to be halved, or measured out too.
Also, make sure that you understand the possible side-effects, their severity, significance, and what to do if they show up.
If you have any questions about ANY drug/supplement you're planning on (or already giving) your pet, don't hesitate to call your veterinarian and discuss it with him/her.
If the worst happens, and you find you've given your dog too much medication, don't just wait and see if he'll be okay!
Some medicines (like Tylenol for example) can cause serious damage that you won't notice until it's too late. Always be safe, rather than sorry!
If you're dog has been 'overdosed', even a little, get professional advice asap....
Here are a couple of numbers that I strongly recommend you stick on your refrigerator or keep by the phone - they're vital if your dog ingests poisonous/toxic food or products....
ASPCA Animal Control Center: 1-888-426-4435 or 1-800-548-2423
International Animal Poison Control Center Hotline: 1-888-232-8870 (available 24 hrs)
There is usually a charge for these services, currently it's $65.00
If that sounds a bit steep, think how much your dog's life is worth to you, and it will suddenly sound a lot LESS expensive!