Fleas and ticks can make your puppy or dog miserable... they can also trigger allergies and make him sick.
If your puppy is always scratching or has red, irritated patches of skin, and you see what looks like black grit in his fur (especially around the neck, ears and groin) - chances are he has some fleas.
If you also see some small (or not-so-small) 'wart-like growths' on his head/body, then he might have some ticks as well!
Although it's worrying to think that your precious puppy has parasites that are setting up home on his skin and literally drinking his blood, there's no need to panic because preventing and treating flea or tick infestations is pretty straightforward and there are many medications that can help.
This is especially good news because these parasites have the potential to make your pup sick, with diseases such as Lyme Disease, Ehrlichiosis and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.... and these illnesses can be transmitted to humans too.
Puppies and dogs can get fleas in a number of different ways.
Very young puppies can have them because their momma did, or because the area they were kept in had a flea probem.
Pups and dogs of all ages can 'catch' fleas from other infected dogs, cats, rodents, vermin and any other type of animal they come in contact with.
It's not even necessary for your pet to touch another animal to get fleas... these little critters can jump a high and long, and are adept at leaping wide spaces in a single bound!
Flea eggs that are on the ground, in grass, carpets etc. will hatch sooner or later, and if your dog happens to walk by once they do.. then the fleas are going to hitch a ride.
Although there are thousands of different species of flea, the one that causes most of the trouble for dogs and cats is the common cat flea.
And, believe it or not, a single flea can bite as many as 400 times a day, and lay up to 50 eggs in the same time frame!
If your puppy is one
of the many dogs that is allergic to flea saliva, all this biting can
result in flea allergies. This causes excessive scratching, irritated skin and hair loss. Not nice!
Fleas are tiny, dark-colored creatures that crawl through your
puppy's fur, close to the skin. They're usually most easy to spot around
the ears, face and on the tummy.
If you're not sure whether or not little Fifi has fleas, stand her on white, or light colored sheet and comb her carefully with a flea comb (you can find these at any good petstore).
Small black flecks that fall onto the sheet and turn red when wetted down are flea-dirt. If she's got a lot of fleas, they'll probably fall (or jump) off too.
Whether Fifi has already managed to become home to a flea colony, or if you just want to make sure that doesn't happen, it's important to use a good, effective preventative for fleas and ticks regularly.
There are lots of options for repelling or killing fleas and ticks, including shampoos, flea-collars, powders, sprays, chewable tablets and topical liquids.
Over-the-counter medications are usually not nearly as effective (or safe) as the ones recommended or prescribed by your veterinarian, so personally I'd recommend that you don't waste money, or take risks with your pup's health, by using OTC products.
Some kill only live fleas, others only ticks, some kill fleas and ticks, some kill fleas, ticks and internal parasites such as certain types of worms, others also repel mosquitoes... to make sure you get the right protection for your puppy or dog, check out the list below.The quickest-acting, most effective, safest and long-lasting choices include:
These are just a FEW of the best flea and tick control products on the market. There is literally something for every dog!
It's important to make the right choice for your pet and this depends on which parasites you want to eliminate, how many different products you want to use, where you live and how old/big your pup or dog is.If your poor little pup has been the host to a bunch of fleas it's also a good idea to treat her bedding, the carpet and any soft furnishings she's been in contact with.
You can buy special sprays or use one of the popular 'bombs' (a pressurized can of chemicals that spell D-E-A-T-H to fleas such as Virbac Knockout ES Area Treatmentand/or Virbac Home Flea Relief Yard Spray Concentrate) which are very effective.
Ticks are small, brown or black creatures with teardrop-shaped bodies and 8 legs (they're related to spiders - another critter that makes you go "yuk"!).
The most common ticks in the USA is the brown dog tick and the American dog tick.
The Deer tick (the variety most likely to carry and transmit Lyme Disease) and the Western Black-legged tick can also be found.
The first picture on the left shows what a tick might look like before it bites your pup and starts to feed.
The second pic is what the same tick looks like once it's engorged with your pup's blood. Yikes, pretty disgusting isn't it!
Ticks vary in size from tiny, pin-head critters to much larger
one - sometimes as large as a kernel of corn, especially when they're
full of your poor puppy's blood!
The best, most effective and safest way to prevent or kill ticks is to use a medication specifically designed to kill fleas and ticks.
My personal favorite for eliminating ticks on dogs AND getting rid of fleas is K9 Advantix.
Because we live in the midwest, on an acreage in the country with a creek right behind the house, ticks can be a real problem, so I've had plenty of practice figuring out what works and what doesn't!
If ticks are a big problem in your area you can use this every two weeks rather than once a month during the worst of the season.
But, it takes longer to kill ticks than it does fleas. Although the packaging may say 24 hours, if your dog has a lot of ticks it could take several days for them all to die... and the little ones (known as 'seed ticks' )normally die off first, the bigger ones that are engorged take longer.
Adding a Preventic Collar helps too, and these are usually effective for about 3 months.
For really severe infestations of fleas and ticks (sometimes found in dogs who spend a lot of time outdoors, or in stray, neglected or abandoned puppies and dogs), a dip such as 'Biospot Pyrethrin Dip' can be used too. This kills and repels fleas, ticks, lice, gnats, flies and mosquitoes as well.
Simply mix the recommended amount of dip with water and pour it over your dog, then let him 'drip dry'. You can safely use it in conjunction with Advantix and the Preventic collar for maximum results.
IMPORTANT: Most flea and tick preventatives, including the Preventic collars and
Pyrethrin dip should NOT be used on puppies under 12 weeks old.
If your puppy has already picked up a tick and is not yet on any preventative medications you need to remove it as quickly as possible.
Getting it off your puppy within 24 hours can really reduce the chances of it being able to transmit any diseases.